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So the Deck stairs can serve many purposes on your new or existing decking and outdoor entertainment area. Because the Deck stairs allow you to access a different levels on your decking and can be a access point to your backyard or can be designed to be a central focus point adding character to the envy of your family and friends every time they visit your home.
Raised and multi-level decks are the perfect opportunity to use deck stairs to accentuate your outdoor entertainment areas best features. Reaping the benefits of floating or angled deck stairs, opening the space and adding a touch of decadence to your home.
Deck stairs are usually made from one of three materials:
- Hardwood Lumber
- Pressure Treated Wood
- Galvanized Steel
Deck Stairs Design
With advancements in technology, complex deck stair designs are no longer just for the rich and famous, meaning you can also have a modern and creative alternative from the traditional deck stairs.
How do you choose the best design for your deck stairs project? At Decker’s Deck Toronto, we utilize our specialized design methods of building and designing decks stairs. Our specialized team are always ready to work with you, helping to achieve your design ideas and creating the perfect deck stairs for your backyard.
Here are some deck stair styles to help you in your design making.
Straight Deck Stairs
The most common type of deck stair, with its design being straight up and down stairs.
Alternating stairs are a great choice for tight spaces with your outdoor decking. Having one tread for each foot, but can be difficult when trying to negotiate using when carrying things.
Appearing as floating in the air, floating deck stairs only retail the staircase treads. Floating deck stairs are often used when trying to achieve a minimalist contemporary look for your outdoor entertainment area.
After you have selected your desired deck stair design, you will need to choose between one of the following tread designs for their preferred deck stairs construction.
Hardwood Stair Treads
Hardwood stair treads are used when there are three or more steps required for your decking. They are open so that you can see through them when walking up the deck steps. Built using stringers, hardwood stair treads are fixed together by galvanized stair tread brackets.
Pressure Treated Wood Stair Treads
Pressure treated wood stair treads can also be used when there are three or more steps required for your decking. They are open so that you can see through them when walking up the deck steps. They are built using stringers and galvanized stair tread brackets also.
Deck Stairs with Galvanized Steel Stringers
Deck stairs with first floors will use galvanized steel stringers (around 2400mm off the ground). Being open so that you can see through them when walking up the deck steps.
Closed In Hardwood Stairs
Used for when there are less than three deck steps required, closed in hardwood stairs are just that, closed in, meaning you can’t see through them when using the decking stairs. Using the same hardwood timber as your decking, the closed in hardwood stairs will match your decking timber.
Closed In Pressure Treated Wood Stairs
Used for when there are less than three deck steps required, closed in pressure treated wood stairs are just that, closed in, meaning you can’t see through them when using the decking stairs. Using the same pressure treated timber as your decking, the closed in pressure treated wood stairs will match your decking timber.
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Deck Stair Calculator
You’ll need the right calculations before getting started with your deck stairs.
Deck stair terminology will help you get the measurements right and simplifying the process.
Deck steps have the following key components:
- Treads – horizontal boards that are used for footing of each step
- Risers – boards covering the vertical distance between stair treads
- Stringers – boards that run diagonally, on each side of the staircase. You fix treads and risers to these stringers, creating a stable structure for your stair case
- Landing Pad – optional, but recommended part of your deck staircase. If your decking is already above a flat surface, concrete or gravel, a landing pad may not be needed.
Determining the rise and run of your deck steps, measuring the distance from the floor of your decking to the ground divide than number by 17.78cm. That will give you the number of steps your deck staircase will need.
Example: (Total rise is 71.12cm) Divide 70.36cm by 17.78cm (the ideal height of a step) You will have 4 steps at 17.78cm high.
Calculating the rise height, divide the height in centimeters by the number of stairs.
Your deck stairs length, multiply the number of steps your deck will have by the depth of the stairs. Standard depth of stair treads is 25cm.
Using a deck stair calculator you will get your measurement parameters such as rise, run angle and stringer length.
How to Build Stairs
Because Deck Stairs are easy and quick to build and you can make the process even easier by asking the team at Decker’s Deck to help you install them.
Also, You can use hardwood timber or composite decking for your deck stair treads.
So Deck stairs are typically made from stringers. Resting on solid foundations and attached to the decking with hangers.
Measure your Height
Because Lay your level on the top of your decking to find the total vertical height of your deck stairs. extending it out from the edge, then measure down to the landing location. Alos This number will determine how many steps your deck stairs will have and the size of each step.
Install Concrete Pad
But the Form a simple frame to pour your concrete in. Also, Make sure the concrete pad is wider than the width of your steps. Because it Always follow the concrete manufacturer’s instructions on how to mix and prepare the concrete.
Using a right angle framing square, draw your outlines on the boards before you cut. It doesn’t hurt to measure twice before cutting. You’ll need to mark out all of your number of steps required. It’s best to use a circular saw to cut your stringers. One you have completed your first stringer, you can use it as a template to cut out your other remaining stringers.
So Cut your board to the width of your step to support the stringer. Because Use joist hangers or long decking screws to attach it to your decking. It also Attach a hanger to your stringer, placing it against the support board. So if the level will make sure your alignment is correct. But again Then using wood screws secure the hanger to your decking, making sure you secure the hanger on the inside of the stringer.
Because they don’t generally require building permits. But may require handrails; please check with your local city’s building authority.
But If you’d like to learn how to build stairs call the team at Decker’s Toronto.